Originally published at auth0.com.

Add OpenID Connect to Angular Apps Quickly

AngularJS 1.0 was released in October 2010. At the time, it was considered one of the most revolutionary and popular web frameworks ever to see the light of day. Developers loved it, and created many apps with it. However, as a pioneer in the JS framework space, AngularJS had some growing pains and significant issues. The team went back to the drawing board for a major breaking release with Angular 2. It took two years to develop and influenced many devs to hop onto other frameworks in the meantime.

Today, five years after Angular 2 was released, we just call it “Angular”, and its version numbers have far less meaning. Five years is a long time for a modern JS web framework to live and thrive. If you look at the number of Stack Overflow questions, you’ll see that users struggle with React far more than Angular.

I kid, I kid. 😅

I don’t think Stack Overflow tags indicate that developers have a hard time with the framework; I think they indicate a thriving community. The more people use technology, the more they submit questions for it.

hotframeworks.com lists a score that combines GitHub stars with Stack Overflow tags and says the top six web frameworks are as follows (at the time of this writing):

  1. React
  2. ASP.NET MVC
  3. Angular
  4. Ruby on Rails
  5. AngularJS
  6. Vue.js

Angular is still very popular among developers. If you’re developing an Angular app today, you probably need a way to authenticate your users. That’s where OpenID Connect (OIDC) can help you. OIDC is a layer on top of OAuth 2.0 that provides identity.

In this tutorial, I’ll show you how to add OIDC authentication with Auth0 to a new Angular app in just a few steps.

Prerequisites:

Table of Contents

If you would rather follow along by watching a video, check out the screencast below from the OktaDev YouTube channel.

Create an Angular app

First, you’ll need to create a new Angular app with routing enabled. Install the Angular CLI globally, then create an app.

npm i -g @angular/cli@13
ng new auth0-demo --routing

You’ll be prompted to select your favorite stylesheet format. The selection you make doesn’t matter for this example since we’re focused on functionality rather than updating visuals.

Add Auth with OpenID Connect

To add authentication with Auth0, you’ll first need a free Auth0 account. Install the Auth0 CLI and run auth0 login to register your account. Then, run auth0 apps create. Use the name auth0-demo and specify a description of your choosing. Select Single Page Web Application and use http://localhost:4200/home for the Callback URL. Specify http://localhost:4200 for the rest of the URLs. We’re using 4200 as the port here because that’s the default for local Angular development.

auth0 apps create

You can also use the Auth0 Console to create an OIDC app:

  • Log in to Auth0 or create an account if you don’t have one. Go to Applications > Create Application.
  • Choose Single Page Web Applications as the application type and click Create.
  • Click Angular, then the Settings tab.
  • Add http://localhost:4200/home as an Allowed Callback URL and http://localhost:4200 as a Logout URL.
  • Specify http://localhost:4200 as an Allowed Origin and click Save Changes at the bottom.

Once you have a new Angular app and Auth0 OIDC set up, you can use OktaDev Schematics to add OAuth 2.0 and OIDC support to your Angular app. Be sure to execute this command in the folder for the app itself (auth0-demo) adjacent to package.json.

ng add @oktadev/schematics --auth0

The Auth0 CLI will prompt you for an issuer URL and client ID, which were displayed when setting up the app in Auth0. If you used the CLI, it would have shown the issuer URL right above the client ID.

=== dev-0ua1y-go.us.auth0.com application created

  CLIENT ID            TJgZxGnlSkqUe6JfMFSipZcFsbpl6LS2

This process will perform the following steps for you:

  1. Install the Auth0 Angular SDK.
  2. Add src/app/auth-routing.module.ts with your OIDC configuration and initialization logic.
  3. Configure an AuthHttpInterceptor that adds an Authorization header with an access token to outbound requests.
  4. Create a HomeComponent and configure it with authentication logic.
  5. Update unit tests for AppComponent and HomeComponent to mock Auth0.

To see all the changes it makes to your files, see this pull request on GitHub. If you’re interested in learning more about Schematics, I recommend reading my Use Angular Schematics to Simplify Your Life tutorial.

Want to use Okta for your identity provider? That’s possible too! See Use the Okta CLI to Quickly Build Secure Angular Apps.

Test your Angular authentication flow

Run ng serve in your app, and you should see a login button at http://localhost:4200/home.

Auth0 Login button

Click the Login button and sign in with one of the configured users for your Auth0 application. Because this is just a demo, you probably haven’t done that - more likely, you should sign up as a new user.

Auth0 Login form

After login, you’ll be redirected back to your app, and you’ll see a Logout button displayed in the bottom left corner.

Auth0 Logout button

Display the authenticated user’s name

To display the authenticated user’s name, you can use the user$ observable on the AuthService instance.

Modify src/app/home/home.component.html to display a welcome message to the user.

<div>
  <button *ngIf="(auth.isAuthenticated$ | async) === false" (click)="login()" id="login">Login</button>
  <div *ngIf="auth.user$ | async as user">
    <h2>Welcome, {{user?.name}}!</h2>
  </div>
  <button *ngIf="auth.isAuthenticated$ | async" (click)="logout()" id="logout">Logout</button>
</div>

Refresh your app, and you should see your name displayed.

Display user's name

If everything works—congrats!

Learn more about Angular and OpenID Connect

I hope you enjoyed this quick tutorial on using Auth0 and OIDC for authentication in your Angular apps. If you’re looking for a more detailed step-by-step tutorial, please read The Complete Guide to Angular User Authentication with Auth0.

You can find the source code for the example on GitHub in the @oktadev/auth0-angular-example repository.

To learn more about Angular and OIDC, check out the following blog posts:

The Angular Mini-Book I just published a mini-book book on Angular that might interest you too. It’s called The Angular Mini-Book and is available as a free download from InfoQ. The book is written tutorial-style and shows you how to develop a bare-bones application, test it, and deploy it. Then you’ll move on to adding Bootstrap, Angular Material, continuous integration, and authentication. You’ll also learn how to integrate Angular with Spring Boot (a popular REST API framework) and use security best practices like HTTPS and a content security policy.

If you liked this tutorial, chances are you’ll like others we publish. Please follow Auth0 and OktaDev on Twitter to get notified when we publish new developer tutorials.

Matt Raible is a well-known figure in the Java community and has been building web applications for most of his adult life. For over 20 years, he has helped developers learn and adopt open source frameworks and use them effectively. He's a web developer, Java Champion, and Developer Advocate at Okta. Matt has been a speaker at many conferences worldwide, including Devnexus, Devoxx Belgium, Devoxx France, Jfokus, and JavaOne. He is the author of The Angular Mini-Book, The JHipster Mini-Book, Spring Live, and contributed to Pro JSP. He is frequent contributor to open source and a member of the JHipster development team. You can find him online @mraible and raibledesigns.com.

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