Tutorial: User Login and Registration in Ionic 4

avatar-matt_raible.jpg Matt Raible

Ionic allows you to develop PWAs and hybrid mobile apps. PWAs are web applications that run in a browser and allow for offline capabilities via service workers. They can be installed on desktops and mobile devices, just like you install apps on your smartphone. Hybrid mobile apps are like native mobile apps, except they’re built using web technologies.

Ionic 2 was based on AngularJS. Ionic 3 was based on Angular. Ionic 4 allows you to use the most popular JavaScript frameworks available today: Angular, React, or Vue. This article focuses on the Angular version of Ionic 4. I’ll show you how to create an Ionic 4 app, add user authentication, and configure things to allow user registration.

If you don’t want to code along, feel free to grab the source code from GitHub! You can also watch a video of this tutorial below.

Get Started with Ionic 4

To set up your environment to develop with Ionic, complete the following steps:

  1. Install Node.js
  2. Install Ionic CLI using npm
npm install -g ionic@4.12.0

Create an Ionic 4 Application

From a terminal window, create a new application using the following command:

ionic start ionic-login tabs

When prompted to install the Ionic Pro SDK, answer no.

It may take a minute or two to create your project, depending on the speed of your internet connection. The video below shows what this process looks like.

Once the process completes, start your Ionic 4 application.

cd ionic-login
ionic serve

This command will open your default browser and navigate to http://localhost:8100.

Welcome to Ionic

You can use Chrome’s device toolbar to see what the application will look like on an iPhone X.

Welcome to Ionic on iPhone X

Now let’s add a user login feature! Go back to the terminal where you started ionic serve and stop the process using Ctrl+C before proceeding to the next step.

Add User Login

Schematics is a library from the Angular CLI project that allows you to manipulate projects with code. You can create/update files and add dependencies to any project that has a package.json file. I created an OktaDev Schematics project that makes it possible to add authentication to an Ionic 4 app using one command.

ng add @oktadev/schematics

Before you run this command, you’ll need to create an OpenID Connect (OIDC) app in Okta. OIDC builds on top of the OAuth 2.0 authorization framework. It allows clients to verify the identity of the user and get their details. If you’re not familiar with OAuth 2.0 or OIDC, I recommend you read What the Heck is OAuth?

Create an OpenID Connect App in Okta

To integrate Okta’s Identity Cloud for user authentication, you’ll need to signup for a developer account.

Log in to your Okta developer account and navigate to Applications > Add Application.

Applications > Add Application

Select Native and click Next.

New Native Application

Enter a name for your application, such as Ionic 4 App. Add http://localhost:8100/implicit/callback as a Login redirect URI. Click Done to finish creating the application.

Add name and Login redirect URI

Click Edit and add Logout redirect URIs, where the first should be your reversed Okta domain name, followed by :/logout and the second is http://localhost:8100/implicit/logout. Click Save.

Add Logout redirect URIs

Near the bottom of your application’s settings, you will find a section titled Client Credentials. Copy the Client ID and paste it somewhere handy. You will need this soon.

Copy the client ID

Navigate to API > Authorization Servers and copy your issuer URI.

Issuer URI

Use OktaDev Schematics to Add User Login

Now that you have a client ID and issuer URI, you can install Angular CLI, and add a user login feature using ng add.

npm i -g @angular/cli@7.3.9
ng add @oktadev/schematics --issuer=$issuer --clientId=$clientId

The video below shows how this command performs the following steps:

  1. Adds and installs @oktadev/schematics as a dev dependency
  2. Adds Ionic AppAuth as a dependency
  3. Adds @ionic/storage as a dependency
  4. Adds services, modules, and pages to src/app/auth
  5. Adds a login page and related files to src/app/login
  6. Adds a cordova section to package.json that defines plugins and a custom URL scheme
  7. Updates existing files to handle authentication logic

If you’d like to see the source code for the templates that are installed, you can find them on GitHub.

It’s pretty sweet that OktaDev Schematics automates all of this for you, don’t you think?!

Test User Login

Start your Ionic 4 application using ionic serve. Your app now has a login button. Click on it to authenticate with Okta using OIDC.

Ionic 4 App with Login button

It’s likely that you’re already logged into your Okta account, so you’ll be redirected back to your app and see a screen like the following.

Ionic 4 App Login success

If you click Sign Out and Sign In again, you’ll be prompted for your credentials.

Okta Login

After you’re redirected back to your app, you can click the User Info button to retrieve your user details from Okta.

User Info

Add User Registration

Next, enable user registration. This will allow new users to create their own account. Click on the Users menu and select Registration.

User Registration

Click Enable Registration.

Enable Registration

On the subsequent page, click Save to complete the process of enabling user registration.

Save Registration Settings

Now if you go back to your app, sign out, then sign in again, you’ll see a signup link at the bottom of the login form.

Signup Link

Click on the link and you’ll see a user registration form. Fill it out and click Register.

Registration Form

You’ll receive an email to verify you’re real. Click on the Activate Account once you receive it, and you should be good to go!

Run Your Ionic 4 App on iOS

To generate an iOS project for your Ionic application, run the following command:

ionic cordova prepare ios

When prompted to install the ios platform, answer yes. When the process completes, open your project in Xcode:

open platforms/ios/MyApp.xcworkspace

NOTE: If you don’t have Xcode installed, you can download it from Apple.

You’ll need to configure code signing in the General tab, then you should be able to run in Simulator. Below are screenshots of it running on an emulated iPhone X.

Running on iOS

Run Your Ionic 4 App on Android

The most important thing to know when running your Ionic app on Android is that you need Java 8 installed. Anything above Java 8 will not work. If you need to switch between Java SDK versions – like I often do – I recommend installing SDKMAN! I ran the command below to downgrade from Java 11 to Java 8 in my terminal window:

sdk use java 8.0.202-amzn

You can then generate an Android project.

ionic cordova prepare android

When prompted to install the android platform, answer yes. After this process completes, open your platforms/android directory as a project in Android Studio.

studio platforms/android

NOTE: You will need to have Android Studio 3.3+ installed and have run Tools > Create Command-line Launcher for the command above to work.

Running with Android Studio 3.3.2

When I first tried this in Android Studio, I received a Gradle Sync error:

The minSdk version should be declared in the android manifest file.

In the right pane, it offered a link for me to click on to fix the issue. I clicked on it, then clicked Do Refactor.

Android Studio Sync error

I was prompted to update Gradle and clicked Update.

Upgrade Gradle

After these changes, my app showed up in the top toolbar.

App in toolbar

Running with Android Studio 3.4

When I tried opening the project in Android Studio 3.4, I was prompted to update Gradle again.

Upgrade Gradle

After doing so, I received the following error:

WARNING: The following project options are deprecated and have been removed:
android.useDeprecatedNdk
NdkCompile is no longer supported

I found an open issue in the Cordova Android project that shows how to fix it. Open android/gradle.properties and turn off useDeprecatedNdk.

android.useDeprecatedNdk=false

Set LaunchMode to singleTask

You need to make one additional change for everything to work properly on Android. You need to set the launchMode from singleTop to singleTask so the URL does not trigger a new instance of the app. Edit platforms/android/app/src/main/AndroidManifest.xml to make this change:

<activity android:configChanges="orientation|keyboardHidden|keyboard|screenSize|locale"
   android:label="@string/activity_name"
   android:launchMode="singleTask"
   android:name="MainActivity"
   android:theme="@android:style/Theme.DeviceDefault.NoActionBar"
   android:windowSoftInputMode="adjustResize">

Now you should be able to click the play button in Android Studio to start your app.

You will be prompted to select an existing AVD (Android Virtual Device) or you can plug in your Android phone and use that. If you have neither, click the Create New Virtual Device Button.

Below are screenshots of the app running on a Pixel 2 AVD.

Running on Android

What About Capacitor?

Capacitor is a project from the Ionic folks that offers an alternative to Cordova. Capacitor 1.0 was released last month. The OktaDev Schematics project provides support for Capacitor with a --platform=capacitor flag. For example:

ng add @oktadev/schematics --platform=capacitor

NOTE: This integration uses Ionic’s native HTTP plugin for Cordova because the default HTTP from Capacitor uses a capacitor://localhost origin header and Okta only supports http origins.

Bonus: You’re Using PKCE in the Browser and on Mobile!

The Ionic 4 AppAuth integration in this example uses PKCE (Proof Key for Code Exchange). PKCE (pronounced “pixy”) is a security extension for OAuth 2.0 for public clients on mobile (and desktop) clients. It’s designed to prevent interception of the authorization code by a malicious application that runs on the same device. You can read about why it’s awesome in Aaron Parecki’s Is the OAuth 2.0 Implicit Flow Dead?

Learn More About Ionic, Schematics, and Angular

This tutorial showed you how to create an Ionic 4 application and add user login and registration with a handful of commands. If you’d like to see the completed application, you can find it on GitHub.

Ionic’s support for React and Vue are in beta at the time of this writing. To read more about them, I recommend the following blog posts:

I could have shown you how to create 19 files and update 8 to integrate OIDC login in Ionic 4. However, that seems like a long and cruel tutorial. Instead, I streamlined everything by using OktaDev Schematics. The code that OktaDev Schematics uses is from the Ionic AppAuth project’s Cordova and Capacitor examples.

I’ve written a few other tutorials on Schematics that might interest you:

If you’re interested in learning more about Angular, the Okta developer blog has some great posts.

Enjoyed this tutorial? Follow us on Twitter @oktadev for more like it!